Environment and Social Psychology





ISSN: 2424-8975 (Online)

ISSN: 2424-7979 (Print)

Journal Abbreviation: Environ. Soc. Psychol.

Publication Frequency: The publication frequency of Environment and Social Psychology is monthly.

Publishing Model: Open Access

About the Journal

ESP aims to explore the connections between the environment and human condition, and enhance the environment protection consciousness and behaviors that are crucial to achieve the goals of sustainable development and human development. With interdisciplinary approaches, integrated theory, research and practice, we pursue to:

1. Examine the possibilities of human and social development and use them as a reliable paradigm to promote peace, prosperity and progress in a complex and changing world;

2. Transcend the contradiction and duality of contemporary ideologies and methods to a united framework of sociopsychological research;

3. Have a viable paradigm, conducive to social development, that stimulates the academic aspiration for the advancement of knowledge and the search of empirical evidence and truth, and supports environment conservation as legitimate;

4. Cure the sociopsychological disorder (beliefs, attitudes, stereotypes, prejudices, old habits and politico-cultural practices ) that thwarts the quality education and learning, while encouraging the contemporary dogmas due to the influence of social behaviors;

5. Sense and find a way for nihilism that incubates psychopathology of self-destructive addictions (sexual abuse, substance and drug use, interpersonal violence and anomic dysfunctions) and breeds mayhem, mass murders and terror.

 

Notice: The ownership of Environment and Social Psychology (ESP) has been transferred from Asia Pacific Academy of Science Pte. Ltd. to Arts and Science Press Pte. Ltd. The new publisher will publish this journal starting from Volume 9, Issue 7 of 2024. Contributors should make submissions to the new journal system (https://ojs.as-pub.com/index.php/esp) from March 25, 2024. Authors of previous submissions can track the publication progress through the original journal system.



Vol 9, No 7 (2024)

Table of Contents

Research Articles

by Zilin  Mei, Cangjun Liao
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Vocational college students are facing the contradiction of coordinated physical and mental development, as well as the pressure of learning development and social expectations. Many high school students have poor emotions, and the difficulty in regulating emotions is closely related to their mental health. This article uses the Connor Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC) to measure individuals’ positive psychological qualities in adapting to adversity, in order to study the psychological resilience and emotional self-regulation strategies of vocational college students. This study investigated the psychological resilience (PR) and emotional self-regulation (ESR) styles of high school students using different scales. In addition, correlation and regression studies were conducted on stress perception, PR, positive emotions, and mental health. The results indicate that vocational college students have a moderate level of public relations, and they are more inclined to use cognitive reevaluation as ESR. The PR of HVC students is positively and negatively correlated with positive and negative emotions, respectively. The PR of HVC students is positively correlated with cognitive reappraisal and negatively correlated with expression inhibition. There is no significant relationship between stress and its factors and expression inhibition.


Research Articles

by Nevzat Tarhan, Aylin Tutgun Ünal
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Without emotions, people cannot express themselves. In our age, Wisdom Psychology has gained importance as a methodology that reveals the importance of meaning and inquiry skills. It is evident that emotions should be reconsidered from a multidimensional existential perspective. Emotional Wisdom brought about the questioning of some new skills and created the need for a new measurement tool to obtain concrete data. In this study, it was aimed to develop a valid and reliable scale to measure emotional wisdom and to contribute to the related literature by performing its first psychometric analysis. Quantitative methodology was used in this study. The research sample consisted of 1300 volunteer participants from across Turkey. As a result of the validity and reliability studies, a 6-factor scale named Uskudar Emotional Wisdom Scale (USEWS) emerged. The internal consistency reliability coefficient Cronbach Alpha value of the scale, which explained 51.87% of the total variance, was found to be .88. Confirmatory factor analysis of the scale resulted in acceptable goodness-of-fit values. In the criterion validity study, it was found to be related to the Revised Schutte Emotional Intelligence Scale (r=.60). In the first psychometric examinations conducted with effect analyzes, men’s emotional wisdom scores were found to be high and of medium effect (d=0.38; >0.2<0.5).


Research Articles

by Le Kang, Chantana Viriyavejakul, Ampapan Tuntinakhongul
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This study aims to explore the educational management practices associated with innovative teaching, focusing on their impact on the happiness of engineering college students. Through a comprehensive literature review and empirical research, the study analyzes the characteristics of innovative teaching, the learning tendencies of engineering students, the definition and measurement of student happiness, as well as the relationship between innovative teaching and students’ happiness. To collect data, a combination of quantitative questionnaire surveys and qualitative semi-structured interviews was employed. Data were gathered from 300 engineering college students through questionnaires and from 10 representative students through interviews. Through both statistical analysis and content analysis, this study unveils the implementation and effectiveness of innovative teaching among engineering students, as well as the happiness levels of these students, and the connection between innovative teaching and happiness. The research findings demonstrate that innovative teaching is widely adopted among engineering students and significantly enhances their academic performance and learning motivation. Engineering students generally exhibit a high degree of learning autonomy and creativity, actively engaging in practical projects. Furthermore, the happiness of engineering students is primarily reflected in dimensions such as satisfaction with academic achievements, motivation for learning, and support from their social networks. Further analysis reveals a positive correlation between innovative teaching and the happiness of engineering college students. Quantitative analysis establishes a significant positive correlation between innovative teaching and happiness, highlighting the positive impact of innovative teaching on the well-being of engineering students. Qualitative interview data delves into students’ experiences and cognitive changes brought about by innovative teaching, further affirming the beneficial effects of innovative teaching on their happiness.


Research Articles

by yang Xiang, Ahmad Hisham Bin Zainal Abidin
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This study embarks on an interdisciplinary journey to analyze and compare Character Relationships (CR) in two diverse storytelling mediums – the classic novel “Emma” by Jane Austen and the popular TV series “Friends”. Leveraging a blend of Natural Language Processing (NLP) and advanced video analysis tools, this research “sheds light on” the intricate network of CR within these narratives. This study scientifically analyzes these relationships' complete method, creation, and impact using sentiment analysis, object identification, and story coherence algorithms. Qualitative and quantitative metrics such as precision, recall, F-score, and accuracy assist in explaining character updates. The content and TV exhibit distinct storytelling modes, and this study demonstrates that algorithmic analysis of stories is practical. The findings of this study request to contribute to online studies by focusing on understanding character networks and their vital role in TV storytelling.


Research Articles

by Meijie Ding
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This study investigated the possibility of applying the Bayesian networks (BNs) in analyzing the relationship between individual behavior and social influence among early 20th-century British travelers in China. While historical studies have provided valuable details about social interactions, existing research using such studies has shown limitations in quantifying and analyzing complex relationships. This study attempts to address this gap by employing Bayesian networks (BNs) to construct a framework for modeling the probabilistic relationships between various factors influencing the travel patterns of British travelers in China in the early 20th century. These factors include political climate, economic considerations, and cultural interactions, which are sourced through historical studies, travel diaries, and other contemporary sources. The performance of the proposed Bayesian network model is evaluated using established statistical methods, including confusion matrices, cross-validation, and sensitivity analysis (SA). The results have shown the significance of the chosen model in analyzing the complex relationship selected analysis.


Research Articles

by Shoichi SHIOTA, Shin-ichi OURA, Mariko MATSUMOTO
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Child abuse is a prevalent public health issue with one half of children worldwide experiencing some form of violence. Child abuse is associated with a myriad of impacts across the lifespan such as mental and physical illness, academic performance, and employment. For this reason, individual’s psychological functions such as emotional regulation, autobiographical memory and self, and psychological connection with others are changed by child abuse. However, to best of our knowledge, there is still much unknowns about the mechanism underlying these changes. In this article, we focusing on the relationships between fantasy and metacognition and its biological and neurological bases, and functional change of them caused by child abuse. Then, we also explain the effects of them for other psychological function in abused individual. In case of child abuse, there is suggests that children immerse themselves fantastic world in order to escape from the tragic experiences that are repeated on a daily living by the caregiver. In this process, functions that recognize the real world, such as metacognition, not functioning. Rather, there is consider that children refuse to develop metacognition in order to avoid realizing the truth of the real world. As results, it does not seem to develop child’s emotional regulative function such as metacognition. The experience of being continuously hurt by a caregiver and the image of being hurt are thought to change to maladaptive fantasy or autobiographical shame memory. Then, both maladaptive fantasy and autobiographical shame memory are lead to formed negatively distorted and unstable mental images of self and other.  Finally, we discuss two potential new interventions such as picture book and breathing technique for abused children.


Research Articles

by Matsayi Lucy Aji, Adamu Nuhu Naomi, Onesimus B. Shiaki
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This study examined the effects of client-centred and reality therapies on the coping strategies of sexually harassed students in tertiary institutions in Taraba State, Nigeria. It also attempted to find out the gender difference in the effect of client-centred and reality therapies on the coping strategies of sexually harassed students. We employed a quasi-experimental and pretest-posttest design with a control group. The statistical population comprised all 250 sexually harassed students in tertiary institutions, out of which 20 students were selected using convenience sampling. The students who had been sexually harassed were then randomly assigned to the experimental and control groups. The experimental group subsequently underwent six 60-minute sessions of client-centred and reality therapies, while the control group received placebo treatment on drug abuse. The research tool included sexual harassment battery (SHB). Inferential statistics of analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) was used to analyze the data. Cronbach Alpha coefficient was used to estimate the reliability coefficient of 0.79 for the SHB. The following findings were recorded: (i) client-centred and reality therapies had effectively increased the coping strategies of students, and (ii) there is no significant mean difference between male and female students in the effectiveness of client-centred and reality therapies on coping strategies of students. Based on the findings, the following recommendations were made: school counsellors, psychologists, and lecturers should use both CCT (client-centred therapy) and RT (reality therapy) to help students who have been sexually harassed to manage their condition since the intervention is effective in raising the coping strategies of the students. School counsellors, psychologists, and lecturers should give female and male students equal opportunities during therapy sessions and in the school setting.


Research Articles

by Usep Suhud, Raya Sulistyowati, Doni Sugianto Sitohang, Ernita Maulida, Meta Bara Berutu
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Indonesia, rich in diverse ethnicities, celebrates numerous traditional textile traditions. Traditional textile marketing often finds expression through exhibitions. This study explores the applicability of the AISAS model in the exhibitions of traditional textiles in Jakarta. The research engages 235 participants aged 17 and above, all social media users with prior attendance at such exhibitions. Data analysis uses exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses and structural equation modelling. Hypothesis testing for the linear AISAS model affirms the impact of attention on interest, interest on search, search on action, and action on share, demonstrating positive outcomes. The non-linear AISAS model also confirms the impact of attention on interest and interest on search. However, the impact of interest on action reveals a nuanced result and the effects of search on action face rejection. This study holds significance for MICE (meetings, incentives, conferences, and exhibitions) marketing and textile exhibition strategies, providing valuable insights into consumer behaviour during traditional textile exhibitions.


Research Articles

by Jiarui Zhang, Lei Ma
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Higher Education (HE) is transforming towards embracing global pedagogical standards, particularly emphasizing student-centered learning models. In conjunction with these progressive initiatives, the incorporation of the Internet is aimed at enhancing course flexibility for both university instructors and students. Blended Learning (BL), a synthesis of online and face-to-face instruction, emerges as a methodology capable of leveraging the advantages inherent in both traditional classroom learning and online learning environments. The research being examined discovers the HE sector's application of globally recognized educational ethics and student-focused teaching. Online access has better-quality course flexibility. This type of education, which participates in classroom teaching with Online Education (OE), is being verified for communication skills. The research uses Moodle and a predictable informative setting to deal with several modes of education. The 49 HE pupils shared in a pre and post-test. Combining teaching improves communication skills, increasing the relationship between students and educators for a more practical education practice.


Research Articles

by Le Kang, Chantana Viriyavejakul, Ampapan Tuntinakhongul
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This study aims to explore happiness education management strategies for engineering students based on person-centered care. The research adopts a mixed-methods approach, combining quantitative and qualitative research. In the quantitative phase, a sample of 300 engineering students is recruited through a questionnaire survey. In the qualitative phase, 15 engineering students participate in semi-structured interviews, and 2 focus groups are conducted. The research results indicate differences among engineering students in dimensions of happiness, such as positive emotions, self-satisfaction, social support, and academic satisfaction. The application of person-centered care in happiness education has a positive impact on students’ learning motivation, emotional identity, and self-satisfaction. Additionally, current happiness education management strategies have achieved certain results in emotional management and social support but still have room for improvement in personalized support and care. Strategies based on person-centered care show significant advantages in multiple dimensions, comprehensively meeting the emotional and social needs of engineering students and enhancing their happiness levels. The findings of this study highlight the crucial role of person-centered care in happiness education for engineering students. It is recommended to strengthen the integration of person-centered care principles, provide diversified emotional management support, enhance the construction of social support networks, develop personalized happiness education plans, and continually assess and improve the effectiveness of strategies. These recommendations will contribute to optimizing happiness education management for engineering students, promoting their comprehensive development and growth.


Research Articles

by Ekgnarong Vorasiha, Hathaipan Soonthornpipit, Pannawat Chuvichian, Phachok Lertasawaphat, Kassamara Sornsawan, Majid Khan
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The study presents a comprehensive examination of the market potential for Pomelo products in Samut Songkhram Province, Thailand, aiming to enhance marketing management strategies. It delves into consumer motivations, attitudes, and purchasing intentions towards Pomelo products, utilizing structural equation modeling to assess influencing factors. Samut Songkhram is identified as a prime region for Pomelo cultivation due to its unique river estuary soil enriched with minerals, creating a distinct taste profile influenced by a mix of saltwater, brackish water, and freshwater, dubbed the three-water area. This geographical and environmental advantage contributes to the high quality and consumer preference for the large white Pomelo variety indigenous to the area.

The study explores two primary agricultural practices for growing large white Pomelos: self-cultivation by landowners and orchard leasing by other farmers. Additionally, it investigates two main distribution methods: direct sales at the farm and self-managed sales by farmers or orchard owners. A quantitative analysis involving 400 potential customers, including tourists and out-of-area customers, was conducted to gauge purchase intentions.

Results from structural equation modeling indicate a significant and positive relationship between consumer motivations, attitudes, and purchase intentions, underlining the integrated influence of these factors on consumer behavior towards Pomelo products. These findings highlight the critical role of understanding consumer dynamics and the environmental uniqueness of Samut Songkhram’s Pomelos in developing targeted marketing strategies. The research underscores the significance of leveraging the unique characteristics and cultivation heritage of Samut Songkhram Pomelos to foster product differentiation and appeal, suggesting a need for innovative marketing approaches that resonate with the distinct quality and taste profiles of these local fruits.


Research Articles

by Gerda Sula, Skerdi Zahaj, Blerta Bodinaku
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Background: The study delves into the prevalence and severity of unethical behavior among educators and parents in Albanian early childhood education institutions, a topic previously unexplored.

Objective: The research aims to identify the most common unethical behaviors among educators and parents, understand the primary determinants of unethical behavior in preschool settings, and provide recommendations for policy development in Albanian public preschools to improve ethical norms.

Settings: The study was conducted in Albanian early childhood education institutions, focusing on both educators and parents as key stakeholders.

Methods: A comprehensive analysis was undertaken, utilizing questionnaires administered to educators and parents, drawing on codes of ethical behavior and thematic analysis to identify and categorize unethical behaviors. Statistical analysis using SPSS was employed to derive insights from the data.

Results: Findings revealed a notable discrepancy between educators' and parents' perceptions of unethical behavior, with guardians reporting higher frequencies of unethical conduct. The most prevalent unethical behaviors included unequal treatment of children, favoritism, and use of punishment by educators, while parents commonly violated norms such as disrespecting educators and encouraging physical aggression in children.

Conclusion: The study underscores the importance of addressing unethical behavior in Albanian preschool settings through enhanced awareness, training, and policy interventions. Strategies to foster better communication between educators and parents, improve professional standards, and combat discrimination are imperative for creating a more ethical environment conducive to positive child development.


Research Articles

by Xiangshu Deng, Zhenyu Wei, Hang Lu, Ye Luo
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This study attempts to draw on self-determination theory and the community psychology perspective to elaborate on the mechanisms underlying the association between community participation and life satisfaction in urban residential communities. The present study examines the mediating role of community identity in the relationship between community participation and life satisfaction. Moreover, the current study investigated the moderating effect of loneliness on the mediation model. A total of 1,205 urban residents, ranging in age from 18 to 65 years, completed the Community Participation Scale, the Community Identity Scale, the University of California, Los Angeles Loneliness Scale, and the Satisfaction with Life Scale for this study. The survey’s results suggest that community participation can be a positive predictor of community identity and life satisfaction. Moreover, the result of the mediation analysis demonstrates that the link between community participation and life satisfaction can be mediated by community identity. Furthermore, the moderated mediation model analysis indicates that loneliness moderated the link between community participation and community identity, as well as the link between community participation and life satisfaction. The mediating effect of community identity on the relationship between community participation and life satisfaction is stronger for residents with high levels of loneliness than for those with low levels of loneliness. These findings provide a comprehensive explanation for how community participation improves subjective well-being among urban residents in the context of a residential community.


Research Articles

by Jason V. Chavez, Fermina O. Anuddin, Hartini H. Mansul, Nadzrina A. Hawari, Fadzrama B. Irilis, Alvarez A. Umaron, Fatimah Aliya L. Kaslani, Fatima She-Ra B. Matugol, Roshelna M. Siring, Salman E. Albani
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Campus journalism serves an important foundation for learning, values development, and discipline. Campus journalism fosters students’ development in various literary, social, and academic aspects. Its culture emphasizes the importance of truthfulness, social transformation, and effective communication not only in school but also in communities. This study aimed to analyze how campus journalism shaped the grammar consciousness and confidence in writing among campus journalists. This study purposively sampled 16 campus journalists to extract their narratives that reflect their consciousness and confidence. Nine (9) of the participants were college students and were former campus journalists in high school while seven (7) were current member of their publication. Narrative analysis indicated that trainings and mentorship in campus journalism developed the writing competencies of campus journalists and helped them expand their linguistic knowledge and literary skills. This mechanism enabled them to be conscious and confident in their language use, most especially in academic setting. However, it was also evident that social pressures in social media delimit them to express their ideas and share their skills to larger community. Social cognitive theory supports this language use anxiety in social media that leads campus journalists to control what they share and express socially. Nevertheless, this study provided a possible perspective for future analysis on how social factors influence the language use of campus journalists. This study highlighted how specific culture to which campus journalists were exposed to can potentially foster or degrade their language confidence.


Research Articles

by Xide Yu, Guanli Chen, Zhenshen Huang, Xuan Lin, Huan Liu
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Based on “stress coping” and “self-determination” theory, the present study aims to explore the potential intervention path of media social pressure affecting body image depression in Chinese high school students by examining the relationships between four variables: media social pressure, future goals, self-esteem, and body image depression (BID). The study sample comprised 825 high school students from four middle schools in Guangdong and Yunnan provinces, aged between 14 and 19 (M ± SD = 15.87 ± 0.98). The results showed that, first, 57.7% of the surveyed high school students had different degrees of BID, and that the girls’ BID score was significantly higher than that of boys (t = -8.69, p < 0.001). Second, media pressure significantly positively predicted BID in high school students. Third, future goals and self-esteem were shown to play separate mediating roles between media stress and BID. Fourth, the indirect effect between media stress and BID was found to be realized through the chain mediating effect of future goals and self-esteem. The implications as well as the shortcomings and prospects of the present study are also discussed.


Research Articles

by Bulent Akkaya, İlknur Buçan Kırkbir, Sema Üstgörül
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This study aims to determine the artificial intelligence (AI) anxiety levels of Z-generation candidate nurses and the variables affecting the anxiety levels of artificial intelligence by the machine learning (ML) method. Data were collected from 431 candidate nurses by questionnaire using the convenience sampling method. R open access programming language was used for the statistical analysis of the study and the evaluation of significant variables according to their importance levels. The Boruta algorithm, a machine learning method, was used in the determination of the variables affecting the level of artificial intelligence anxiety according to the degree of importance. The findings showed that the most important variable for students' artificial intelligence anxiety level is age. Moreover, there is a statistically significant relationship between students' class and their anxiety level, a significant relationship between artificial intelligence and machine learning in health and their anxiety level, and a significant relationship between gender and technological competence evaluation. Furthermore, nearly half of the participants (48.5%) had very low anxiety, 12.8% had low anxiety, 30.2% had medium anxiety, 6.5% had high-level anxiety and 2.1% of them had very high levels of anxiety. With this research, the artificial intelligence anxiety of generation Z was determined by determining the demographic characteristics that are effective in artificial intelligence. We concluded that more sensitive analysis and different results can be obtained when using a machine learning algorithm compared to classical statistical analysis in determining the complex relationships in the data.


Research Articles

by Divya Sahu, Badri Bajaj
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The objective of the current study was to examine the mediating role of psychological capital in the relationship of career calling with happiness and engagement. A purposive and judgmental sampling technique was utilised to collect data from a sample of 300 higher education teachers from different universities in India. Statistical package for social science (SPSS) was used to analyse the correlations among career calling, happiness, engagement, and psychological capital. Correlational results showed that study variables career calling, psychological capital, happiness, and engagement were positively correlated. Structure equation modelling (SEM) technique was used to investigate mediating role of psychological capital between the relationship of career calling with happiness, and engagement. The results of the SEM analysis showed that psychological capital fully mediated the relationship of career calling and happiness and partially mediated the relationship of career calling with engagement. The findings indicated that psychological capital significantly impacted the relationship among career calling, happiness, and engagement. This study contributes to the proposed mechanisms underlying the association between career calling, happiness, and engagement. The study concludes with implications, and future research in the domain of career calling.


Research Articles

by Mykhailo Zhylin, Viktoriia Malysh, Viktoriia Mendelo, Liliia Potapiuk, Vasyl Halahan
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The aim is to determine the impact of emotional intelligence on coping strategies for psychological trauma. Methods: The research was conducted using survey and testing based on diagnostic methods: Primary Care PTSD Screen, WCQ, EQ-test. Statistical methods were used: ANOVA, descriptive statistics, regression analysis. Two hundred seventy internally displaced persons (IDPs) aged 23 to 48 participated in the study. The study found that subjects with PTSD signs have low emotional intelligence (M=32.31±14.88) and confrontation (M=12.68±4.08), distancing (M=12.74±4.62), avoidance (M=13.85±4.97) coping strategies. Regression analysis established that a low level of emotional intelligence promotes confrontation (β=-1.926±0.296) and distancing (β=-1.198±0.386) coping, and a high level of emotional intelligence develops a problem-solving strategy (β=1.277±0.298). The results make it possible to expand the range of providing psychological assistance in overcoming psychological trauma through the formation of emotional intelligence. This will ensure the assimilation of constructive coping as elements of conscious overcoming of life's difficulties. Increasing the level of emotional intelligence and adaptive behavior strategies will help reduce feelings of stress due to trauma. The obtained results open opportunities to study the impact of emotional intelligence on individuals who experienced traumatic events. Studying external and internal factors contributes to emotional intelligence development. Identifying individual and socio-cultural aspects of coping strategies enhances psychological support methods. Understanding emotional intelligence's influence helps design programs to develop it and overcome psychological trauma, including telepsychology.


Research Articles

by Ahmed Khaled Khazaleh, Mo'en Salman Alnasraween, Faisal Khlaif Naser ALshraah, Wafa’ Aeid Aleid, Hanada Omar Mohammad Abzakh
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This study aimed to identify the obstacles facing teachers of students’ with learning disabilities in applying curriculum-based measurement in learning disabilities resource rooms. The study sample consisted of 121 male and female teachers. To achieve the objectives of the study, a questionnaire was used, which in its final form consisted of 24 items. Its validity and reliability were verified before it was applied to the study sample.The results of the study showed that the level of obstacles facing learning disabilities teachers in applying curriculum-based measurement in learning disabilities resource rooms was moderate. The results also showed that there were no statistically significant differences due to the variables: gender, level of education, and years of experience in the level of obstacles facing teachers of students with learning disabilities. However, the results showed that there were statistically significant differences on the two dimensions roles and responsibilities of teachers of students with learning disabilities, the school administration attributed to those with experience categories less than 5 years, and 5 years to 10 years.


Research Articles

by Sumeshni Govender
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This study examines the specific challenges faced by practitioners in the field of psychology directly related to inclusive educational practices in South Africa. Intern psychologist, psychologists, psychometrist and other practitioners in the field of mental health provide crucial support to the Department of Basic Education in terms of Inclusive Education. These practitioners are situated in various fields for example, within Government Departments (Health, Education, Social Development, etcetera), private practice and Non-Government Organisations or Community-Based Organisations. The practitioners usually work within a multi-collaborative framework and often from a multi-systemic perspective to provide support to a network of colleagues and teachers, parents and learners who require intervention at schools within an inclusive education environment. A group of mental health practitioners who worked directly in inclusive educational practices (non-probability - purposive sampling), in a variety of sectors, were interviewed to determine the challenges they faced related to inclusive educational practices in South Africa. A variety of practitioners (n = 5) from each group of participants were approached (psychologists, intern psychologists, social workers) and interviewed. The total number of participants is n = 20. The participants completed a consent form, offered complete anonymity and confidentiality if they so desire and provide consent to complete the questionnaire. All institutional ethical procedures were followed. The findings revealed that South African practitioners in the field of psychology who worked directly in inclusive educational practices experienced challenges, and these are sometimes based on the setting in which they practiced. The study provided possible recommendations that may be implemented.


Research Articles

by Emmanuel Rowlands
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Previous research on the psychosocial correlates of intimate partner violence (IPV) among men has predominantly focused on clinical disorders such as depression and posttraumatic stress disorder. Little is known about the socio-ecological implications of IPV on male survivors. This article examines how nonclinical stressors, such as expectations to perform masculinity and shame of non-performance, intersect with clinical disorders to cause profound suffering in male survivors. Consequently, the article argues that socio-ecological interactions facilitate stressors, culminating in detrimental consequences of IPV for male survivors’ psychosocial well-being. By examining the qualitative experiences of 25 African male survivors of IPV and the perspectives of five key informants working with IPV victims in Johannesburg, this article emphasizes the importance of considering both clinical and nonclinical factors in understanding the psychosocial impacts of IPV on male survivors. The findings support the need for appropriate interventions that address pervasive societal ideologies that further facilitate stress on male survivors’ well-being.


Research Articles

by Katerina Bockova, Dáša Porubčanová, David Anthony Procházka, Roman Gawrych
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The presented paper discusses the incidence of burnout syndrome among secondary school teachers of technical subjects. Teachers experience burnout syndrome to an increased extent, especially with certain variables. The main goal of the paper is to map the level of burnout syndrome, specifically of emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and personal satisfaction among teachers of technical subjects. Specifically, we analysed the incidence of burnout among technical subjects in the context of all self-governing regions of Slovakia. The research sample consisted of 213 technical subject teachers working at secondary vocational schools of primarily technical orientation in various self-governing regions of Slovakia. Data collection was carried out using the MBI-ES online questionnaire. Statistical analyses were used to evaluate the results of the questionnaire survey. The results show that teachers of technical subjects experience burnout to a moderate degree, statistical significance is observed in the degree of burnout, specifically in the factor of personal satisfaction, in connection with teachers acting in different self-governing regions of Slovakia.


Research Articles

by Tholwana B. Kereeditse, Stanley Osezua Ehiane, David Mandiyanike, Claudine Hingston
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This study prioritises the experiences of Zimbabwean migrant women and their human security in the context of gender-based violence in Botswana. The study utilised the social constructivism theory and the social-ecological model to provide a comprehensive understanding of how gender-based violence occurs in society and how social realities construct migrant women’s experiences. Using a qualitative research approach, secondary data was collected to investigate the gender-based violence experiences of Zimbabwean migrant women. The study found that migrant women experienced various forms of abuse, including intimate partner violence with both foreign and local partners, sexual violence and harassment in their host communities, trafficking and smuggling, and sexual abuse in detention centres, all rooted in xenophobic sentiments. Power imbalances and irregularities in structural relationships between men and women were identified as significant factors contributing to violence. The findings indicate that cultural beliefs and gender roles from the country of origin and host country contribute to migrant women’s reluctance to report or disclose their experiences of gender-based violence. Patriarchal ideologies further affect judgment towards survivors and contribute to the acceptance and normalization of gender-based violence. This study contributes to the literature on human insecurities faced by migrant women and their responses to these insecurities. It highlights the need for policies that address the underlying causes of gender-based violence and promote the empowerment of migrant women.


Research Articles

by Usep Suhud, Ela Elliyana, Vanessa Gaffar, Rahmat Dharmawan, Vivi Iswanti Nursyirwan
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The COVID-19 pandemic has limited human mobility, including in matters of vacation. Governments in many countries require their citizens to vaccinate to reduce patients and deaths from COVID-19. On the other hand, the government also provides concessions to residents who want to travel if they have received vaccinations. This study examines the factors that influence the intention of tourists to travel during the pandemic. The predictor factors used in this study were motivation for COVID-19 vaccination, perception of COVID-19, travel risk perception, and attitude toward COVID-19 vaccination certificate. We conducted this study in a city on the island of Java, Indonesia. This study’s data collection used an online questionnaire, and participants were selected using a convenient sampling method. In total, there were 212 participants involved. The data were processed using exploratory factor analysis, confirmatory factor analysis, and structural equation modelling. As a result, motivation for COVID-19 vaccination and travel risk perception significantly affected the attitude toward COVID-19 vaccination certificates. Besides, travel risk perception greatly influenced travel intention after the pandemic subsides. This study deepens the field of tourism marketing and health marketing.


Research Articles

by Jason V. Chavez, Atty. Marti W. Gregorio, Aracelie L. Araneta, Masnona S. Asiri, Darwisa S. Sayadi, Fatima Shaira Jaafar-Balla, Marialyn B. Vicente, Kaiser Isham Sabdani Savellon
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The problem of violence in the workplace continues to expand and it casts a shadow on organizational environments all around the world. This phenomenon extends to different fields or sectors and is pervasive throughout a wide range of job environments, such as those in the healthcare industry, educational institutions, local and informal economies, and service industries. The purpose of this study was to analyze the actions of working women when their rights had been/will be violated. This quantitative study was conducted in Zamboanga Peninsula, Philippines among women in academe (n=121) and health institutions (n=39), and women of minimum-wage earners (n=42). Findings indicated that working women in the region tend to seek information outside their organizations when violence will happen; they also seek information when their rights once were violated. In some instances, they would only file a complaint when they feel discriminated against and when equal rights in the workplace are not well implemented. Notably, minimum-wage earners and health workers are more likely to file a complaint than teachers. The findings resonate with broader societal patterns wherein hesitancy to report workplace violations are deeply embedded. Such behaviors perpetuate gender-based violence and hinder the development of gender-sensitive and conducive workplaces. To deconstruct the gender and development (GAD) limitations, interventions need to extend beyond the present organizational policies to instill a culture of empowerment and safety for all individuals, fostering an environment conducive to open discussions, proactive conflict resolution mechanisms, and reliable report systems.


Research Articles

by Shan Yang, Hasan Tinmaz
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Individuals’ excessive use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) and social media platforms has led to scholarly recognition of a nascent phenomenon known as fear of missing out (FoMO). Prevailing FoMO research predominantly centers on the problematic social media use among adolescents, college students and social media users in non-work settings. Limited research has been conducted concerning FoMO in the work context. Meanwhile, existing knowledge of workplace FoMO lacks systematic explication regarding its research focus. To tackle this shortfall, a systematic literature review on workplace FoMO was conducted. Altogether 15 empirical studies were identified from nine databases (Web of Science, Emerald, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, PubMed, JSTOR, Wiley, Sage and CNKI) together with citation chaining search through rigorous inclusion and exclusion protocols. Three themes were encapsulated in prior research including antecedents, consequences and measurement. The results indicated that limitations should be addressed by future scholars including narrow scope regarding geographies and occupations, together with limited positive effects, intervention strategies and methodologies. The current study provides implications and directions for future workplace FoMO research.


Research Articles

by Van-Son Huynh, Ngoc-Kieu Ho, Thien-Vu Giang, Thanh-Ngan Pham-Ngoc, Vi-Dieu Vu-Thi
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This article studies the necessity and feasibility of measures to raise the awareness of teachers about the criteria for establishing schools of well-being in the context of educational innovation in Vietnam. These measures are proposed based on research findings regarding the current level of teachers' awareness of the criteria for establishing schools of well-being. The research data shows that all six measures are evaluated on the necessary and feasible scale. This proves that the measures are necessary and can be implemented under the conditions of current schools, although appropriate adjustments can be made at each different educational institution.


Research Articles

by Lontshitse O, Fernandes L, Mokwena KE
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Background: Water pipe tobacco smoking has similar health risks as other forms of tobacco use, such as increased risk of cardiovascular disease and lung cancer, decreased pulmonary function, as well as various other oral diseases. Because there are perceptions among young people that its health effects are less harmful, its use in this group is reportedly high, though its prevalence is not known.  This study purposed to determine the prevalence and perceptions of water pipe smoking amongst Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) college students in Johannesburg, South Africa.

Methods: A cross-sectional quantitative survey was conducted among the students. Using the STATA statistical software, bivariate analysis was used to calculate the prevalence of water pipe smoking, and the chi square test was used to explore associations between socio-demographic variables and water pipe smoking. The quantitative questions on perceptions were analysed using summary statistics.

Results: A total of 479 TVET students, 57.8% females and 42.2% males, with a mean age of 22 participated in the study. The prevalence of water pipe smoking was 61.6%, with more males compared to female students (70.8% vs 54.9%) using the pipe. More than half (62.2%) have a false perception regarding the health risks of water pipe smoking.

Conclusion: There is a high prevalence of water pipe smoking and false perceptions about the health risks of water pipe smoking amongst TVET college students. Thus, the current Tobacco policy should be amended to include the regulation of water pipe smoking as well as increased health education about the dangers of smoking water pipe.


Research Articles

by Lim Kim Yew, Hannie Lynn, Tan Owee Kowang, Xiangge Zhao, Eaw Hooi Cheng, Phung Thai Minh Trang, Venus Claver Dennen
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Employee retention is a paramount concern in Dubai's thriving hotel industry, as turnover rates can significantly impact operational efficiency. The industry's ability to retain skilled employees directly impacts service quality and competitive advantage in delivering seamless experiences to guests. This study aims to examine the influence of Leadership Support, Training, and Compensation on employee retention in Dubai’s hotel sector. Through the administration of online surveys to 200 hotel employees and subsequent analysis using SPSS, significant relationships were uncovered between these factors and employee retention. Notably, training emerged as the most influential factor, followed by compensation and leadership support. These findings highlight the critical role of investing in robust employee training programs, offering competitive compensation packages, and fostering supportive leadership practices. Such initiatives are vital for enhancing retention within Dubai's competitive hotel sector, providing valuable insights for industry stakeholders seeking to fortify workforce stability. The outcomes also can be employed to improve operational effectiveness amidst the dynamic hospitality landscape and social protection system for the hotel industry employees of the region.


Research Articles

by Rolly B. Tolentino, Masnona S. Asiri
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Accessible higher education is a critical determinant of a nation's competitiveness in the global knowledge economy. By investing in human capital through free tertiary education, countries can cultivate a skilled workforce capable of driving innovation, attracting foreign investment, and remain to be competitive on the international stage. This quantitative study analyzed the perceptions of students (n=200) about the implementation of Unified Financial Assistance System for Tertiary Education (UNIFAST) in Sulu, Philippines. The students were purposively sampled from four (4) universities in the province. A standardized Likert-scale was used to elicit the perceptions of students based on three (3) implementation metric (i) institutions’ awareness of UNIFAST, (ii) application and disbursement process, and (iii) evaluation of UNIFAST outcomes. Findings indicated that the higher education institutions (HEIs) in Sulu often implemented the provisions of the law. Additionally, inferential analysis revealed that student’s demographic profile (i.e., gender, parental education attainment, family income) could influence their general evaluation of UNIFAST implementation. Notably, this could be attributed to their perception of the program as a substantial source of assistance in pursuing higher education. Likewise, the assessment of UNIFAST implementation by students may be influenced by emotional elements, such as feelings of relief and contentment. The program may receive higher ratings from students because of the emotional relief it offers, especially for individuals who are experiencing financial limitations. Future studies might consider developing a more rigorous analysis relating human emotions scaling up their overall evaluation of the UNIFAST program.


Research Articles

by Mailen A. Antao, Jr. Ricky S. Morales, Jr. Ricky S. Morales, Charisma C. Samparani-Ututalum, Charisma C. Samparani-Ututalum
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The pandemic has prompted the adoption of online, modular, and blended learning modalities, emphasizing the importance of integrating these in daily teaching and learning processes. Problem-solving skills, considered crucial for 21st-century decision-making, are also essential. This study aimed to analyze the level of problem-solving skills of the freshmen college students in Sulu State College in (i) modular learning, (ii) online learning, and (iii) blended learning. Purposive sampling was used to sample A questionnaire adapted from related studies was used to elicit quantitative data using a 5-point modified Likert Scale. The freshmen college students were randomly sampled (n=119) from six schools in the college. Findings indicated that freshmen college students at Sulu State College demonstrated high competence in problem-solving across three learning modalities. Each modality offered unique benefits that effectively enhanced the students' mathematical problem-solving abilities. In modular learning, students felt confident in managing math problems independently highlighting the empowerment and self-learning capacity inherent in this approach. Online learning also proved effective, with students showing high competence in problem-solving because of flexibility and accessibility. Blended learning was particularly beneficial, with students reporting the highest levels of competence because it enhanced engagement, creativity, and problem-solving skills by providing a comprehensive and flexible learning experience.


Research Articles

by Masood Badri, Mugheer Alkhaili, Hamad Aldhaheri, Saad Yaqeib, Guang Yang, Muna Albahar, Asma Alrashdi
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The study investigates the intricate relationship between obesity and well-being among residents in Abu Dhabi. Obesity is recognized as a significant public health concern worldwide, with potential implications for individuals' overall well-being. Understanding the complex associations between obesity and various aspects of well-being is essential for developing effective interventions to promote healthier lifestyles and improve overall quality of life. The research employs path analysis to explore the direct associations between obesity and multiple well-being indicators. Data is collected from residents in Abu Dhabi, focusing on subjective health, subjective mental health, life satisfaction, physical exercise, and satisfaction with social relationships. Path analysis allows for a comprehensive examination of the relationships between obesity and well-being indicators, providing valuable insights into the potential impacts of obesity on individuals' overall well-being. The path model reveals significant direct associations between self-perceived obesity and various well-being indicators. Specifically, obesity demonstrates direct impacts on life satisfaction, subjective mental health, subjective health, physical exercise, and satisfaction with social relationships. Notably, obesity is negatively associated with life satisfaction (-0.017) but positively associated with mental health (0.111), albeit within a negatively framed context. This suggests that obesity may adversely affect mental health despite its positive association. The findings underscore the complexity of the relationship between obesity and well-being among residents in Abu Dhabi. While obesity negatively impacts life satisfaction, it paradoxically shows a positive association with mental health, albeit within a negatively framed context. These results emphasize the importance of addressing obesity as part of efforts to promote overall well-being and improve quality of life among residents in Abu Dhabi. Future interventions should focus on promoting healthier lifestyles and addressing the psychological impacts of obesity to enhance residents' overall well-being and happiness.


Research Articles

by Song Yi Lee, Hyang-suk BU
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This study investigates the perceptions of men held by female students in a Korean university, a place where the most liberal and exploratory discussions unfold. The study aims to examine how women perceive male’s role in Korea, and thus, employs Q-methodology to understand the different types of perception of male’s role. According to the results, there are a total of four types of perception: type I “dualistic norm perception,” type II “superiority perception,” type III “subjective perception,” and type IV “gender-balanced perception.” When comparing the aforementioned outcomes to feminist phase theory, type I overlaps with phase 3 of duality, and type II manifests characteristics of both the male-defined phase 1 of male dominance and phase 2 of contribution. In reality, however, the gender-balanced phase can be seen as extremely rare in the Korean society that embraces heterosexual norms. Nevertheless, the fact that type IV balanced gender is apparent in some female university students can be interpreted as an indication of change of perception toward the other sex role in Korean society.


Research Articles

by Man Luo, Feng Yang
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Exposure to visual wealth on social media is a common phenomenon in daily life, but little research has been conducted to examine how this phenomenon affects individuals’ self-concept. By employing the social adaptation hypothesis of female self-objectification as a theoretical framework, the present research firstly investigated how visual wealth exposure on social media contributed to the self-objectification of women, and the downstream consequences linked to the self-objectification. To this end, three preregistered online studies were conducted. By adopting an online questionnaire survey, Study 1 found that there was a significantly positive relationship between visual wealth exposure and self-objectification, and economic inequality perception and competence perception played a chain-mediating role between them. By randomly assigning participants to the wealth-relevant image exposure condition or the natural scenery image exposure condition, Study 2 conceptually replicated the findings of Study 1. The following Study 3 further found that, participants exposed to wealth-relevant images displayed more preferences for an appearance-dominated job (working as a network entertainment-anchor) than those exposed to natural scenery images, and self-objectification mediated the effect of exposure condition on career choice. The current research provided additional empirical supports for the social adaptation hypothesis of female self-objectification, and also deepened our understanding of the relationship between social media use and the self-objectification of women.


Research Articles

by Mailen A. Antao, Ricky S. Morales, Valentino B. Ting, Jydee T. Abdurahman, Sharifa M. Jalaidi, Honey Laine S. Kadil, Benjamar P. Abdulmajid, Marcelino M. Espartero, Richard N. Verdeflor
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This qualitative research explored how non-traditional teaching strategics encouraged non-math enthusiasts to engage in learning mathematics. The study purposively sampled ten (10) language majors from the College of Education and ten (10) hospitality management students. Through participatory and practical learning sessions, participants were encouraged to apply mathematical principles in a context that was significant to and meaningful to their everyday lives. The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of these innovative strategies in fostering a positive attitude among students and increasing their understanding of the real-world applications of mathematics. Interviews found out that non-math enthusiasts were not engaging in learning mathematics because of several reasons i.e., negative experience, perceived difficulty, perceived relevance, frustration. However, they also believed that developing non-traditional teaching strategies like interactive teaching methods and real-life problem applications can improve student’s confidence and engagements in learning mathematics. The findings of the research might have an impact on teaching techniques and approaches intended to raise mathematical literacy across a range of demographic populations.


Review Articles

by Fernando Gil Fernando Gil Villa
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Scientific and procedural rationality becomes compatible with subjectivism, increasing the modern ethical void. In this work I will show how that void impact in disruptive behavior. First, I shortly describe the general problem of our moral culture making dialogue one of the most important contemporary moral philosophers, Enmanuel Levinas and the sociologist Zygmunt Bauman, who has made the main critical contribution to the moral culture. Second, I will make some observations in the sphere of art, where it is specially notorious how the crisis of ethics due to the evolution of the culture of individualism affects to the behavior erasing limits -v.g. Proof-Of-Authority-, extending the beliefs that all is possible, that anyone can do anything, everything can happen, and, so that, rules and forecast are perceived more relatives that never. In a third step, I will focus the attention on the multidisciplinary field of Criminology -rule breaking, deviance-, because it is the main place where can be proof the failure of norms which lead society to both, problems for coexistence, and ability to predict insecurity. The formulas invented by social scientist to understand “normal” as well “deviant” behaviour, seems to fail more than ever. That should make us consider two kinds of challenges. How can we reinforce the ethical side of the norms under a cultural environment secularized and liquid, and physically threatened? How can we manage the self-criticism in social sciences so that we not all in the pessimism apparently propitiated by Cancel Culture?


Announcements

 

Announcement: Publication frequency becomes quarterly since 2023 Volume 8 Issue 2!

 
 
Posted: 2023-09-06
 

New version of author guideline format

 
Please follow the journal's author guideline and the required article template to prepare your manuscript.  
Posted: 2023-08-24 More...
 

Announcement of new Editor-in-Chief

 

It gives us great pleasure to announce that Professor Paola Magnano has graciously accepted the appointment as our Editor-in-Chief of Environment and Social Psychology. Professor Magnano is affiliated with Kore University of Enna, Italy. Her focus is social psychology, psychology of career counseling and education. Previously, Professor Magnano was an Editorial Board member for the journal. She will start her new position as Editor-in-Chief on August 1, 2023.

Environment and Social Psychology is a fully open access publication dedicated to disseminating high-quality research in the fields of social psychology, covering a wide range of topics and themes relevant to the disciplines. We are confident that Professor Magnano will lead ESP forward to thrive. Please join us in welcoming Professor Magnano to her new role. The editorial team and publisher appreciate your continued support.

 
Posted: 2023-07-28
 
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